Updated: 5 days ago
- What Is Acne?
- What Are Acne Scars?
- What Are the Causes of Acne?
- What Causes Acne Scars?
- How to Get Rid of Pimples?
- What Are the Various Active Acne and Acne Scars Treatment in Dubai?
- Treatment of Acne Scars
- VENUS VIVA™️ nano-fractional RF
- Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion
- How to Get Rid of Acne Scars?
Active acne is one of the commonest inflammatory skin conditions affecting adults today. It appears mostly on the face, neck, chest, and back. If left untreated, it may lead to some skin damaging conditions such as acne scarring. Acne breakout can be disturbing, but the scar it leaves is more frustrating.
Active acne and acne scars can be treated with adequate therapy and guidance. Therefore, it is crucial to understand this
skin condition and choose the best form of acne treatment. Are you battling acne and acne scars and not knowing how to go about it? This article provides you with all the details you need. Read on to learn more.
What Is Acne?
Acne is a very common skin condition that causes pimples mostly on the face, forehead, chest, shoulders and upper back. There are a variety of causes including genetics, fluctuating hormone levels, stress, high humidity and using oily or greasy personal care products. Acne commonly affects teenagers but can occur at any age. Acne can appear as any of the following:
● Papules: Small red or pink bumps that become inflamed.
● Pustules: Pimples containing pus. They look like whiteheads surrounded by red rings. They can cause scarring if picked or scratched.
● Bumps that remain closed by oil and dead skin.
● Nodules: Solid pimples that are deep in your skin. They are large and painful.
● Cysts: Pus-filled pimples. These can cause scars.
● Fungal acne (pityrosporum folliculitis): This type occurs when an excess of yeast develops in the hair follicles. They can become itchy and inflamed.
What Are Acne Scars?
Acne scars occur as a result of the inflammation of acne pores. The acne blemishes swell, thereby leading to a breakdown in the walls of the pores. Some acne pores are tiny, so the scars are shallow and heal quickly. Sometimes the fillings of the blemishes spill into the environment and produce deeper scars. Some of the types of acne scars you may be experiencing include the following:
They are flat indentations that often occur due to severe cystic acne. The appearance of atrophic acne scars usually varies depending on individuals and the severity of the breakouts.
Ice Pick Scars
These are small, narrow indent jobs commonly appearing on the cheeks. These scars are usually persistent, and they are difficult to remove.
They are larger box-like indentations. Boxcar scars occur due to widespread acne, and you will often find them on the jaw and lower cheeks.
Rolling scars appear as deep sloppy marks on the skin. They are usually the cause of uneven skin textures.
While atrophic scars are flat indented marks, hypertrophic scars are raised tissue occurring where acne breakouts occurred. They are often the same size as the original acne.
Healing acne usually leaves pigmented or dark spots on the skin. This is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Among the acne scar types, they heal faster on their own with proper care.
What Are the Causes of Acne?
Generally, active acne is caused by four major factors, namely:
● Excess sebum (oil) production
● Clogging of hair follicles by dead skin cells or oil
Typically, you will notice acne more on your forehead, face, neck, shoulders, chest, and upper back. This is because these areas of your skin have the most sebaceous (oil) glands. These glands secrete a liquid known as sebum which carries dead skin cells to the skin surface.
Since hair follicles have a connection to these glands, these follicles may become blocked. The blocking of the follicles often causes oil to build up under the skin. When these blocked hair follicles become infected with bacteria, it leads to raised red spots called pimples.
If the blockage and infection are deeper into the hair follicles, you may be getting cyst-like lumps. A bulged follicle wall will lead to a whitehead and may produce a blackhead when opened to the surface. The bacteria contributing to the pimples infection is Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). According to research, the frequency and severity of acne will depend on the bacteria strain.
Other factors that may trigger acne include:
● Hormonal Factors. A major trigger for acne is a rise in levels of androgen. Androgen is a hormone that increases in adolescence and enlarges the oil glands to make more sebum. Excessive sebum production may break down pores’ cellular walls, causing bacteria growth.
● Diet. Some studies show that eating certain foods like carbohydrates may trigger or worsen acne. However, there are no indications that dietary restrictions will help prevent acne breakouts.
● Certain Medications. Drugs containing testosterone, corticosteroids, or lithium may also trigger acne.
What Causes Acne Scars? What Should You Expect?
Your skin usually creates new collagen fibers to compensate for the damage done during acne infections. Unfortunately, the repair job will not give you skin as smooth as it was before the breakout. The repair process involves collagen production, and if the collagen is too much, acne scars would appear.
Scarring can also result from loss of tissue, resulting in indentation or pits in the skin. The body's uniqueness would determine how much scarring you would have. Also, the greater your inflammation, the more likely you have scars occurring. Deeper breakouts take a longer time to heal, and they increase the chances of acne scars developing.
How to Get Rid of Pimples?
There are several ways to get rid of your disturbing pimples. You can do this by using effective skincare techniques at home. There are also over-the-counter medications available for clearing of pimples and scars that come with it. However, visiting a dermatologist center like Eden Derma Clinic will give you a comprehensive acne treatment.
What Are the Various Active Acne and Acne Scars Treatment in Dubai?
At Eden Derma Clinic, we offer comprehensive acne treatments in Dubai, including the following:
Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)
This is a noninvasive therapy using a combination of light treatments and a photosensitizing agent, usually ALA (5-aminolevulinic acid). Photodynamic therapy (PDT works by shrinking the oil glands on the skin, reducing the amount of oils in the pores. This is great news for people with moderate to severe acne.
Generally, photodynamic acne therapy works with the following mechanism of action:
● Inactivation of the bacteria triggering acne
● Exfoliation of the skin for pores unclogging
● Reduction of oil glands activities
ALA-PDT helps kill the bacteria causing acne. Thus, it restores the normal shedding of dead skin cells. Asides from this, the therapy also improves the overall texture of the skin, with the promise of repairing acne scars.
Most Photodynamic therapy sessions begin with microdermabrasion to remove excess dead cells on the surface of the skin. The process also aims to enhance the penetration of the photosensitizing agent (ALA). After microdermabrasion, the specialist applies ALA to the skin before treating the skin with light for about 30 to 60 minutes. This process is a typical short-contact PDT.
Another method involves allowing the ALA to set for one hour before treating the skin with blue light for about 15 minutes. While both methods are effective, immediate light treatment is often less painful. The number of therapy sessions recommended will depend on the acne severity. Some patients report noticeable results after one treatment, while others may need two or more at a few weeks' interval.
The advantages of PDT over other therapies include:
● Maintains skin integrity by affecting only targeted areas
● Can fade old acne scars
● It does not cause further scarring
● May treat other skin conditions like rosacea and age spots alongside acne
● Compatible with other medications, if needed
Some side effects of photodynamic therapy for acne include mild pain, skin redness, swelling, itching, peeling skin, etc. These effects may be intense in the first 48 hours after treatment and often subside after one week.